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eMISK Marine Overview

PICT0019 (2)

Decision Support for Integrated Coastal and Ocean Management DSICOM


The mission of the Decision Support for Integrated Coastal and Ocean Management DSICOM is to promote and facilitate information management in support of policies and programs that enhance integrated coastal and ocean management in Kuwait.

Integrated Coastal and Ocean Management

Integrated Coastal and Ocean Management (ICOM) can be defined as a continuous and dynamic process by which decisions are taken for the sustainable use, development and protection of coastal and marine areas and resources. ICOM acknowledges the interrelationships that exist among coastal and ocean uses and the environments they potentially affect, and is designed to overcome the fragmentation inherent in the sectoral management approach. ICOM is multi-purpose oriented, it analyzes and addresses implications of development, conflicting uses, and interrelationships between physical processes and human activities, and it promotes linkages and harmonization among sectoral coastal and ocean activities.


The DSICOM will support decision makers responsible for the management of the coastal and marine activities in Kuwait through the following:

  1. Identify ICOM-related data and information.
  2. Facilitate availability of data to the decision makers and the public.
  3. Raise awareness on initiatives and research related to information management.
  4. Encourage the implementation of appropriate information management mechanisms.


The above objectives will be achieved through the tasks shown in the figure below. These include data collection and processing. Finally it includes data analysis to provide useful information to the decision makers.

Data Collection

The data collection includes baseline data that includes:

  1. Basic:                Bathymetry and geology.
  2. Land use:           Sources of pollution, marinas, groins, slipways, etc.
  3. Hydrodynamic:   Wave climate, currents and tides.
  4. Sediment:          Sediment budget, shoreline dynamics and grain size.
  5. Water quality:     Physical, chemical and biological.
  6. Ecology:            Coral reefs, mangrove, sea weeds, etc.
  7. Fisheries:          Species

A monitoring system will also be established to collect data required to run different forecast models.


All the data collected in the above task will be stored in a Geographic Information System GIS. A marine habitat map will be generated in the GIS and a sensitivity map for the coastal area will be developed.

The baseline data together with data obtained from the monitoring system will provide the input to run forecast models for hydrodynamics and water quality. The data will also be important to run an oil spill trajectory model.


A system will be set up to summarize the data from the monitoring stations and the forecasting models. Indicators will also be identified for different parameters to warn decision makers of possible threats.

If a problem is identified, the system will provide a characterization of the problem. Secondly a diagnosis of the causes will be provided. Finally a diagnosis of the interactions and forecasting will be provided.



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